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  • Simple and Compound English Sentences – Video and Exercise

    I’ve noticed as an English teacher that many of my students speak correctly when using short simple sentences. However, when students start speaking with more difficult sentences and start using sentence structure that contains multiple ideas, they often have problems with the word order and structure of sentences. I hope this video will help students understand English sentence structure and correct some of the mistakes they make with word order, even if it’s not the most entertaining subject.

    (If you’re looking for the What if Everyone Rode Bikes? lesson, click here. We sent the wrong link;)

    Before we do the exercise lets review FANBOYS (for, and, nor, but, or, yet, so)

    MORE INFORMATION-and

    CHOICE-or, nor

    OPPOSITE INFORMATION-but, yet

    REASON-for

    RESULT-so

    Exercise: Combine the two simple sentences using the proper connecting word, and don’t forget the comma!

    1. She saw a cat run in front of her. She stopped the car suddenly.

    2. He gave her a ring.  It is her birthday.

    3. The zombies eat people. The people kill the zombies.

    4. She doesn’t like the cold weather. She really likes skiing.

    5. She did not fail her English exam. She was not worried about her English exam.

    6. We could go to the movie tonight. We could stay home and rent a movie.

    7. I like enchiladas. I have a really good recipe for black bean and squash enchiladas.

     

     

     

    • Anna

      1. She saw a cat run in front of her, so she stopped the car suddenly.
      2. He gave her a ring, for it is her birthday.
      3. The people kill the zombies, or the zombies eat people.
      4. She really like skiing, but she doesn’t like the cold weather.
      5. She did not fail her English exam, because she was not worried about her English exam.
      6. We couid go to the movie tinight, or we could stay home and rent a movie.
      7. I like enchiladas, and I have a really good recipe for black bean and squash enchiladas.

      • LOIEnglish

        Anna,

        You had some difficulty with Question #2. When we combine the sentences it is important to be sure that we combine them and replace nouns/objects with matching pronouns.
        He gave her a ring, for her birthday.
        Questions #3: The zombies eat people, SO the people kill THEM.
        Questions #4: She really likeS skiing, but she doesn’t like the cold weather. (remember that ‘s’ on 3rd person singular.
        Question #5: She did not fail her English exam, NOR was she worried about IT.
        Questions #6: We could go to the movie tonight, or we could stay home and rent ONE.
        7. I like enchiladas, and I have a really good recipe for black bean and squash ONES.

        I hope this helps!

    • André Dertrudes de Macena

      Estes exercícios são muito importantes para mim, gostaria muito de receber ainda bem não apenas falando sobre verbos mais pronomes adjetivos substantivos, e toda regra da língua inglesa meu objetivo é melhorar meu inglês cada vez mais, por isso conto com todos vocês.

    • André Dertrudes de Macena

      This sait es very very good

    • LOIEnglish

      Good work Petar. I’m glad to see that you replaced the nouns with pronouns!

    • LOIEnglish

      Thanks for your suggestions. We will turn the sound down.

    • Ilka

      1. She saw a cat run in front of her, so she stopped the car suddenly.

      2. He gave her a ring, for it is her birthday.

      3. The zombies eat people, and the people kill the zombies.

      4. She doesn’t like the cold weather, but she really likes skiing.

      5. She did not fail her English exam because she was not worried about her English exam.

      6. We could go to the movie tonight or we could stay home and rent a movie.

      7. I like enchiladas, so I have a really good recipe for black bean and squash enchiladas.

      • LOIEnglish

        Ilka..You have a couple problems connecting the sentence parts.

        Look at this diagram:

        MORE INFORMATION-and
        CHOICE-or, nor
        OPPOSITE INFORMATION-but, yet
        REASON-for
        RESULT-so

        Question # 2: He gave her a ring for her birthday.
        Question #3: Zombies eat people, so the people kill THEM.
        Questions #7: I like enchiladas AND I have a really good recipe for black bean and squash ONES.

        The video doesn’t explain pronoun replacement however, we usually replace the subject in the second part of the sentence with a pronoun. The English language doesn’t like repetition, so we rarely use the same word twice in a single sentence. Be sure to look for this weeks video because I’m creating the second series about complex sentences.

    • Nguyen Thi Hoa

      1. She saws the cat run in front of her, so she stopped the car suddenly
      2. He gave her a ring, for it is her birthday.
      3. The zombies eat people, but the poeple kill the zombies.
      4. she doen’t like the cold weather, but she really likes skiing.
      5. she did not fail her English exam, so she was not worried about her English exam.
      6. We could go to the movie tonight, or we could stay home and rent a movie.
      7. I like enchiladas, and i have a really good recipe for black bean and squash enchiladas.

      • LOIEnglish

        Nguyen,

        One quick thing: usually we replace the subject of the sentence with a pronoun in the second sentence. i.g. The zombies eat people, but the people kill THEM.
        Question #5: NOR is the best option: She did not fail her English exam, nor was she worried about IT.
        Good work! Thanks for answering.

    • LOIEnglish

      Good Rafa.

    • Alvaro Willians

      1. She saw a cat run in front of her, and she stopped the car suddaly.

      2. He gave her ring, for her birthday.

      3. the zombies ear people, so the people kill them.

      4. She doesn’t like the cold weather, but she really likes skiing.

      5. She did not fail her English exam, so she was not worried about her English exam.

      6. We could go to the movie tonight, or we could stay home and rent a movie.

      7. I like enchiladas, and I have a really good recipe for black bean and squash enchiladas.

      • LOIEnglish

        Alvaro,

        You have two problems. Question #1, the better choice is ‘so.’ We are talking about result in this sentence we are not adding extra information. ‘So’ often answers the question ‘What happened?’

        Question #5, the best choice is ‘nor’

        • Alvaro Willians

          Thank for your attention. Could you please tell me what does NOR means?

          • LOIEnglish

            Nor is a conjunction and an adverb. It is used before the second option in a negative sentence. i.g. I do not like wine NOR beer. In Spanish I think it is ‘ni’
            In the case of a conjunction it is used to introduce additional negative information in a negative sentence.

            i.g. She did NOT fail her English exam, NOR was she worried about it. The two simple sentences are:

            She was NOT worried about her English exam.

            She did NOT fail her English exam.
            When we combine the two we take away 1 NOT and insert NOR.

            • Alvaro Willians

              Hummm OK. Thanks again!