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  • Learn the Inifinitive or Gerund in 5 days

    Do you still have problems with the gerund or infinitive forms? Take 5 days and finally master this tricky English grammar bit and learn English grammar by Skype.

    All English verbs (except for modals and other static verbs which do not have gerunds or participles) make the inflected form in -ing regularly. Thus go makes going, read makes reading, fail makes failing, and so on. In certain cases there are spelling changes, such as doubling of consonants (as in sit → sitting) or omission of mute e (as in change → changing). For details of these rules, see LOI English spelling guide.

    We use gerunds (verbs followed by “ing”):

    – after certain verbs: “I enjoy singing.”

    – after prepositions: “I called you before leaving.”

    -as the subject or object of a sentence: “I love swimming.” “Swimming is really good for you.”

    We use to + infinitive:

    – after certain verbs: “We decided to leave.”

    – after many adjectives: “It’s hard to say goodbye.”

    – to show purpose: “I came to Bali to relax.”

    The most difficult part of deciding to use the gerund or infinitive is knowing which verbs are followed by the -ing and which are followed by the “to+verb.” The best option is to memorize the most commonly used. Start by memorizing the list below. I recommend writing a new sentence using each and then taking the quiz at the bottom.

    These verbs are followed with a gerund or a verb taking the -ing form:

    enjoy
    I enjoyed living in France
    fancy
    I fancy seeing a film tonight
    discuss
    We discussed going on holiday together
    dislike
    I dislike waiting for buses
    finish
    We’ve finished preparing for the meeting
    mind
    I don’t mind coming early
    suggest
    He suggested staying at the Grand Hotel
    recommend
    They recommended meeting earlier
    keep
    He kept working, although he felt ill
    avoid
    She avoided talking to her boss

    These verbs are followed by the infinitive or the “to+verb” form:

    agree
    She agreed to give a presentation at the meeting
    ask*
    I asked to leave early / I asked him to leave early
    decide
    We decided to go out for dinner
    help*
    He helped to clean the kitchen / he helped his flat mate to clean the kitchen
    plan
    She plans to buy a new flat next year
    hope
    I hope to pass the exam
    learn
    They are learning to sing
    want*
    I want to come to the party / I want him to come to the party
    would like*
    I would like to see her tonight / I would like you to see her tonight
    promise
    We promised not to be late

    Now take the Quiz.

    Next watch the video and do the exercise.

    Finally read through the below chart and complete the exercises.

     

    Lastly, take a lesson with LOI English. Here are three different lessons that help you learn the Gerund or Infinitive forms.

    The Kid President

    and

    Worked to Death

    and

    Refugees and Migrants Entering Europe