Learn the Inifinitive or Gerund in 5 days
Do you still have problems with the gerund or infinitive forms? Take 5 days and finally master this tricky English grammar bit and learn English grammar by Skype.
All English verbs (except for modals and other static verbs which do not have gerunds or participles) make the inflected form in -ing regularly. Thus go makes going, read makes reading, fail makes failing, and so on. In certain cases there are spelling changes, such as doubling of consonants (as in sit → sitting) or omission of mute e (as in change → changing). For details of these rules, see LOI English spelling guide.
We use gerunds (verbs followed by “ing”):
– after certain verbs: “I enjoy singing.”
– after prepositions: “I called you before leaving.”
-as the subject or object of a sentence: “I love swimming.” “Swimming is really good for you.”
We use to + infinitive:
– after certain verbs: “We decided to leave.”
– after many adjectives: “It’s hard to say goodbye.”
– to show purpose: “I came to Bali to relax.”
The most difficult part of deciding to use the gerund or infinitive is knowing which verbs are followed by the -ing and which are followed by the “to+verb.” The best option is to memorize the most commonly used. Start by memorizing the list below. I recommend writing a new sentence using each and then taking the quiz at the bottom.
These verbs are followed with a gerund or a verb taking the -ing form:
I enjoyed living in France
I fancy seeing a film tonight
We discussed going on holiday together
I dislike waiting for buses
We’ve finished preparing for the meeting
I don’t mind coming early
He suggested staying at the Grand Hotel
They recommended meeting earlier
He kept working, although he felt ill
She avoided talking to her boss
These verbs are followed by the infinitive or the “to+verb” form:
She agreed to give a presentation at the meeting
I asked to leave early / I asked him to leave early
We decided to go out for dinner
He helped to clean the kitchen / he helped his flat mate to clean the kitchen
She plans to buy a new flat next year
I hope to pass the exam
They are learning to sing
I want to come to the party / I want him to come to the party
I would like to see her tonight / I would like you to see her tonight
We promised not to be late
Now take the Quiz.
Next watch the video and do the exercise.
Finally read through the below chart and complete the exercises.
Lastly, take a lesson with LOI English. Here are three different lessons that help you learn the Gerund or Infinitive forms.