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  • English Listening Exercise: A Tribute To Mandela

    Our listening exercise this week is in honor of Nelson Mandela.

    In a very short amount of time, the video below by the New York Times creates a portrait of a man focused on accomplishing important things, who has strong beliefs that he is willing to sacrifice everything for, a man who makes big sacrifices, but accomplishes big things.

    The power of language is heard in the clips of Mandela’s speeches. Watching this video I also found it interesting hear about the true meaning of the word “apartheid.” The video illustrates the negative and positive power language and the words we choose can have in our societies.

    The entire video is worth watching, but the listening exercise will cover just the first 4 minutes.

    Fill in the gaps from the video. We will correct answers in comments.

    1. “When a man has ______ what he considers to be his duty in his country he can ____ in peace.”

    2. What was the central goal?

    3.  What does apartheid mean?

    4. How did Mandela arrive at his trial?

    5. “It is an ideal for which I hope to _____for; but my lord if it needs be it is an ideal for ____ I’m prepared to ___. ”

    6.  How old was Nelson Mandela when he was sentenced to life in prison?

    7. What was Nelson Mandela’s strategy?

    8. How old was he when he was released from prison?

    9. “It was an _________ moment.”

     

    Writing Exercise:

    What are your thoughts on Nelson Mandela’s life and death? Has your country had a leader like Mandela? Someone who brought great change to the country? As always we’ll correct your answers in comments.

    • Aleksandra Lobova

      1.
      “When a man has done
      what he considers to be his duty in his country he can
      _rest___
      in peace.”

      2.
      What was the central goal? That south Africa would
      be ruled by southafricans.

      3.
      What does apartheid mean? It means
      “apartness”.

      4.
      How did Mandela arrive at his trial? Wearing
      traditional … skin garb.

      5.
      “It is an ideal for which I hope to _live____for;
      but my lord if it needs be it is an ideal for _which___
      I’m prepared to _die__.

      6.
      How old was Nelson Mandela when he was sentenced to life in
      prison? He was 44.

      7.
      What was Nelson Mandela’s strategy? Hia strategy
      was to give white rulers every chance to retreat in orderly way.

      8.
      How old was he when he was released from prison? He
      was 71

      9.
      “It was an __simbolic___
      moment.”

      • LOIEnglish

        Good work, excellent listening skills! You have two mistakes in your answers related to articles (a, an, the)
        Question #7: to retreat in AN orderly way. Remember that even when we have an adverb (orderly) we still must use an article before the verb. For example: He was driving in A reckless manner.

        Question #9: It was A symbolic moment. In this case we use ‘a’ rather than ‘an’ because symbolic begins with ‘S’ We only use ‘an’ when it is a vowel beginning the word (a,e,i,o,u)
        an elephant, an apple, an idea, an outhouse, an undercurrent. We do sometimes use ‘an’ with a word beginning with ‘h’ if the ‘h’ is silent. For example: an honor, a huge problem.

    • Rafa

      1. When a man has done what he considers to be his duty in his country he can die in piece

      2. Mandela history

      3. Literally apartness

      4. He was accused of betrayal against the government

      5. It is an ideal for which I hope to LIVE for; but my lord if it needs be it is an ideal for

      what I am prepared to die.

      6. he was forty four years old

      7. He decided to negotiate in a secrecy with national party, ruled by white people.

      8. he was seventy one years old

      9. It was a symbolic moment

      • LOIEnglish

        Rafa…good work.

        Question #1 is: rest in peace (note the spelling, peace means no war) piece means a part or portion of something. Can I have a piece of pie. I pray for world peace everyday.

        Question #2: I don’t understand your answer.

        Question #4: He arrived wearing traditional garb (tribal skins)

        Question #5: you have a mistake in the relative pronoun: an ideal for WHICH I am prepared to die for. You might want to check out our video on relative pronouns.

        • Rafa

          Thank you very much!

          I am sharing your services as much as I can as thanks of your videos

    • Francis

      1. “When a man has done what he considers to be his duty in his country he can die in peace.”

      2. What was the central goal? Mandela’s life.

      3. What does apartheid mean? If means that when someone discriminatates another one who has different race. (I don’t know if I could use the translator, but I used it)

      4. How did Mandela arrive at his trial? He underscore that he’s an african entering (?) a white man jurisdiction.

      5. “It is an ideal for which I hope to live for; but my lord if it needs be it is an ideal for which I’m prepared to die. ”

      6. How old was Nelson Mandela when he was sentenced to life in prison? 44

      7. What was Nelson Mandela’s strategy? Nelson Mandela’s strategy was to give (I don’t understand why here there isn’t “TO”…) the white rulers any chances to retreat in an ordinary way.

      8. How old was he when he was released from prison? 71

      9. “It was a clearist and an electrifying moment.”

      Writing exercise: First of all, I think that I’m one of the few people who didn’t know exactly what Nelson Mandela did (or have done? I’m confused) in his life until few days ago that was when he died. Of course I knew that he was a black politic of a state in Africa who was looking for the freedom of his country. His death made (or has made?) me think about the injustice in this world. There are a lot of it. I hope there are other people who want to change the world as much he did. Even if there are, they are not in my country. I live in Italy, and I’m telling you that every politics are selfish, they only think about theirselves. They don’t help the citizen but their family. It’s unfair at all.

      • LOIEnglish

        Francis,
        Question #3: apartheid means separate or apart. It was a word used to describe the policy of South Africa which meant that there were essentially two countries not equal and that the black people were separate and lived in a separate way than the white people.
        Question #4: He arrived wearing traditional garb. He wore the traditional skins of his tribe.
        Question #7: you have a question about ‘give’ and the use of ‘to’ Give is a verb that doesn’t need a preposition, ‘to’
        For example: I gave him a new key, because he lost his old one.

        give is direct with the object: give someone something. She gives her time to them every week.

        Your writing:

        First of all, I think that I’m one of the few people who DOESN’T know exactly what Nelson Mandela DID in his life until A few days ago WHEN he died.

        Of course I knew that he was a black POLITICIAN of a state in Africa who was looking for freedom FOR his country. (note: there is no ‘the’ before freedom, we don’t use articles when talking about topics or themes; freedom, justice, religion)
        His death made me think about the injustice in this world.

        I live in Italy, and I’m telling you that ALL POLITICIANS are selfish, they only think about THEMSELVES.

        They don’t help the citizenS ONLY their family.

        It’s TOTALLY unfair. or IT ISN’T FAIR AT ALL.

        • Francis

          Thank you very much, I’m feeling so stupid right now… but I’m going to keep studing hard.

          • LOIEnglish

            Don’t feel stupid! Learning languages is challenging but the only way to improve is to make mistakes.